National Occupational Classification 2021
Canada uses NOC codes to classify all jobs
Updated November 17. The National Occupational Classification (NOC) is Canada’s national system for defining and classifying all jobs. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) uses NOC to determine if applicants meet job or work experience under Canada’s Express Entry immigration system. Canada uses the Express Entry immigration pool draws system to manage permanent residence (PR) applications. It is the most popular way to immigrate to Canada.
Is your foreign job or work experience listed in Canada NOC?
Every job in Canada has a corresponding National Occupational Classification 2021 code. Therefore, knowing the NOC code for your foreign job or work experience is very important to your immigration application
Also, it can help you locate information about occupations found throughout Canada’s job market. You can use the NOC to research:
- job descriptions
- educational requirements
- required skills
- related occupations
As well, the NOC is often used by employers to help them write job descriptions and identify skill requirements for new job postings.
If you want to come to Canada as a skilled immigrant under Canada’s Express Entry system, your job and work experience must be National Occupational Classification 2021 Code skill type 0, or level A or B.
- NOC type 0 — for management occupations.
- NOC type A — for professional occupations that require a university degree (bachelor’s, master’s or doctorate). Such as physicians, nurses, pharmacists, engineers, and accountants.
- NOC type B — for technical occupations that generally require post-secondary (i.e. post-high school) education or apprenticeship training. May also include on-the-job training, occupation-specific training courses, or specific work experience. Examples are construction contractors and pipefitters, certain sales and retail occupations, and occupations like fire fighters and police officers.
How changes in NOC 2021 affects your immigration application
IRCC will switch to the 2021 version of NOC system on November 16, 2022. The new NOC will change eligibility for some of Canada’s immigration programs including Express Entry. It will also affect how IRCC calculates your points and overall score in Express Entry immigration pool’s Comprehensive Ranking System.
IRCC official webpage provides detail instructions to Express Entry candidates in the pool, as well as those who are joining the pool. See IRCC – NOC 2021: Compare all Express Entry programs.
Which occupations will be affected by National Occupational Classification 2021?
Sixteen (16) occupations will become eligible for Express Entry, and three will become ineligible.
Starting November 16, the following occupations will become eligible to foreigners applying under Express Entry.
- Payroll administrators;
- Dental assistants and dental laboratory assistants;
- Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates;
- Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants;
- Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants;
- Sheriffs and bailiffs;
- Correctional service officers;
- By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers;
- Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations;
- Residential and commercial installers and servicers;
- Pest controllers and fumigators;
- Other repairers and servicers;
- Transport truck drivers;
- Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators;
- Heavy equipment operators; and
- Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors.
The three occupations that will become ineligible include:
- other performers;
- program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness; and
- tailors, dressmakers, furriers and milliners.
However, these three occupations remain eligible for othe Canada immigration programs such as the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP).
If your job is skill NOC level C or D
- you may be able to come to Canada as a provincial nominee (all skill types/levels),
- you may be able to come to Canada through the Atlantic Immigration Pilot (skill type/level 0, A, B, or C), or
- you may be able to work in Canada for up to two years.
See also: NOC Tutorial – Employment and Social Development Canada – great soruce that explains the NOC and also includes a quiz to test your understanding.