Why Canada needs Indigenous immigration program
Canada is embarked on reconciliation process with First Nations. This reconciliation process has as one of its important components public education about the history of Indigenous peoples and colonization of their lands in Canada.
Canada is also struggling with population decline and severe labour force shortages compounded by the COVID pandemic. Indigenous communities are not spared from these downturns.
This article highlights why Canada should consider developing an immigration program targeted to Indigenous communities economic and social needs.
Reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples
Of note in the reconciliation process, in June 2021 the government of Canada announced changes to Canada’s Oath of Citizenship to recognize First Nations, Inuit and Métis rights. The new Oath recognizes that:
- Indigenous rights are enshrined in the Constitution Act, 1982, and also that
- they derive from the historic use of this land by Indigenous peoples
As new Canadians recite the Oath, they will make a personal commitment to observe the rights of First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples.
But did you know that First Nations do not possess the authority to confer Indigenous “Status” on individuals, including for Canada immigration purposes?
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenships Canada (IRCC) should officially investigate an Indigenous citizenship process similar to IRCC’s general immigration policy. The objective should be to allow people, including foreigners and Canadian immigrants, to become First Nations citizens even though they are not of Indigenous descent.
Canada needs immigration for economic recovery
Canada continues to push for more immigration to help fill over one million job vacancies caused by the COVID pandemic. Canada needs immigrants in order to recover from the economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic. This includes Indigenous communities.
Canada population is ageing
As the Canadian population ages and the birth rate declines, rural Canada’s labour force has faced a significant decrease in available workers and consequential economic downturn. This includes many Indigenous communities.
As well, Indigenous peoples are increasing relocating from First Nations communities.
An Indigenous immigration progarm can be designed to help address population and labour shortages and drive economic growth in these communities.
Foster Canada mutli-culturalism
In Reciprocal Views of Immigrants and Indigenous Peoples in Canada, the authors concluded that Canada’s Indigenous peoples are somewhat less supportive of immigration when compared to the non-Indigenous peoples in Canada.
The authors surveyed the perceptions of immigrants towards Indigenous Peoples and reconciliation. It found that second and third-generation immigrants are more likely to feel “very familiar” with the history of Indian Residential Schools in comparison to the first-generation or new immigrants.
On the other hand, the survey found that Indigenous Peoples overall think that there is too much immigration to Canada.
These views may be in part due to a mutual lack of knowldege and limited interaction between immigrants and Indigenous peoples.
An Indigenous immigration program can be designed to bridge the information gap and promote interactions between immigrants and Indigenous peoples and communities. This will facilitate immigration to Indigenous communities so that they can share the benefits of Canada’s immigratyion policy.
Indigenous Immigration Pilot Program
The Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP) program was launched in 2020 to attract new immigrants to rural and northern communities across Canada.
Following the success of RNIP, the Atlantic Immigration Pilot program was launched in 2017 to address labour shortages in the Atlantic provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland and Labrador.
First Nations Knowledge Resources for Immigrants
Indigenous Perspectives of Immigration Policy in a Settler Country explores Indigenous perspectives on immigration and concepts of land ownership, and open border vs no border.
The Relationships Between Racialized Immigrants and Indigenous Peoples in Canada: A Literature Review, is a 2012 masters thesis by Melissa May Ling Chung about immigrants and Indigenous relations.
In Vancouver Dialogues: First Nations, Urban Aboriginal and Immigrant Communities, immigrants and Indigenous participants shared stories, experiences, and perspectives.
Friendship Centre hosts events that connect Indigenous and non-Indigenous folks.
Powwows are cultural events where you’ll get to experience Indigenous music, dance, regalia, food, and crafts.
Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada is a magazine that offers stories and articles about Indigenous people in Canada.
Indigenous Canada is a free online course from the University of Alberta presented in a video series. It provides you a comprehensive guide to Indigenous culture, people, and history.