The December 19 Express Entry draw saw another 3,200 candidates invited by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to apply for Canadian permanent resident.
In total, IRCC has now issued 85,300 Invitations to Apply (ITAs) in 2019. This is 4,500 ITAs short of the 89,800 that were issued in 2018, which stands as the most ITAs issued in a single year through the Express Entry system.
In order to enter the federal Express Entry pool, candidates must first meet the eligibility requirements for one of the three programs. The first step is to create an Express Entry profile. A job offer is not required to enter or be selected from the Express Entry pool.
A certain number of the highest-ranked candidates who have submitted their profiles into the pool are issued ITAs for Canadian permanent residence through regular draws which typically take place every two weeks. A candidate’s CRS score is based on factors such as age, education, skilled work experience and proficiency in English or French.
Candidates with scores below the latest 469 cut-off can improve their CRS scoring in a number of ways, particularly if they enroll in any of the provincial nomination programs that have Express Entry component. Express Entry candidates with a provincial nomination receive an additional 600 CRS points If their nomination is approved, the invited candidates will be issued an additional 600 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points. The additional points place them in a favorable position to receive a federal Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian permanent residence in a future IRCC) draws.
Fluctuations in Minimum CRS Points
Fluctuation in the minimum CRS scores may be partly attributed to the time between draws, which has deviated on a number of occasions from IRCC’s usual pace of a draw every two weeks. For example, the December 19 draw took place only eight days after the previous draw on December 11 and saw the minimum CRS score decrease by three points, from 472 to 469.
More time between draws allows the pool to replenish with higher-scoring candidates, which can have the effect of raising the minimum CRS score.
December 19 Express Entry Rounds of invitations results
Ministerial Instructions respecting invitations to apply for permanent residence under the Express Entry system – December 19, 2019
CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool as of December 16, 2019
CRS score range
Number of candidates
The numbers in this table reflect the total number of people in the pool overall, a few days before an invitation round. The score distribution may change as people submit new profiles and other profiles expire.
The table numbers in italics are a detailed breakdown of the bold number immediately above.