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Canada Comprehensive Ranking System

What is Canada Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)?

Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is what IRCC uses to assess and score candidates’ applications for Canadian permanent resident status.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) uses it to assess your Express Entry applications for permanent residence (PR).

What is Canada Express Entry Immigration System?

Express Entry is the application system that Canada uses to manage immigration applications. It also is the most popular way to immigrate to Canada.

Express Entry draws for Canada permanent residence occur regularly, but approximately every two weeks.

In each draw, Canada invites applicants with high Comprehensive Ranking System score to apply for permanent residence.

Once IRCC approves your application and you complete the landing process, you are officially a Canadian permanent resident.

How does the Comprehensive Ranking Score (CRS) work?

The Comprehensive Ranking System evaluates each candidate and their spouse or partner, on their human capital. Factors include candidate’s age, education, English and/or French skills, work experience, among others. 

It is generally determined by your core human capital. This is essentially your

  • age
  • work experience
  • educational background
  • ability to adapt, and as well as,
  • language skills

Very importantly, only a limited number of candidates with the highest CRS points in the pool get Invitations to Apply (ITAs).

And also,  Eligibility for the Canadian Experience Class (Express Entry) – 2021 Guidelines

Your Comprehensive Ranking Score is a numerical value out of a possible 1,200.

IRCC awards up to 600 points on:

  • skills and experience;
  • spouse or common-law partner factors, such as language skills and education, and also
  • skills transferability, including education and work experience.

As well, you can gain up to an additional 600 points on:

  • Canadian degrees, diplomas or certificates;
  • a valid job offer;
  • a nomination from a province or territory;
  • a brother or sister living in Canada who is a citizen or permanent resident, and also
  • strong French-language skills.

The total of those core and additional points makes up each applicant’s CRS score. 

A further 600 points are available for a provincial nomination, meaning one of Canada’s provinces has nominated you for immigration.

Calculate your potential CRS score online

Use our free tool to see your preliminary Comprehensive Ranking System score.

This will also give you insight into which areas you need to boost your score. It’ll take you about 5 minutes.

Very importantly note that to enter the federal Express Entry pool, candidates must first create an Express Entry profile on IRCC website.

As well, you must meet the eligibility requirements for one of the three programs. These are: the Federal Skilled Worker Class; the Federal Skilled Trades Class; and the Canadian Experience Class.

You do not need a job offer to enter or be selected from the Express Entry pool. However, IRCC awards additional Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score points to those who already have a job.

Get 600 points under Canada Provincial Immigrant Nomination Programs

Canadian provinces do not have the power to give permanent residency status. However, note that they can nominate you for PR in the federal government’s Express Entry system.

A total of 1,200 points is available under Express Entry. But you immediately get 600 points if you are nominated by a province. See Provincial Immigrant Nomination Programs (PNPs).

How does PNP nomination help your Comprehensive Ranking System score?

The 600 Comprehensive Ranking System points from a PNP nomination virtually guarantee that you will receive an invitation in an Express Entry draw.

For example, Micha has a degree in business administration. He’s been working in the construction industry for five years. Micha has never worked or studied in Canada.

Micha entered the Express Entry pool with a CRS score of 395. However, he recently obtained a provincial nomination through Ontario Immigrant Nomination Program (OINP). As a result IRCC awards him additional 600 Comprehensive Ranking System points.

Consequently, Micha’s total Comprehensive Ranking System score jumps to 995 points! This is well above the minimum Comprehensive Ranking System score that Micha needs to get an invitation in any Express Entry draw.

How to boost your Comprehensive Ranking System Score

Please read our researched posts on how to improve your Comprehensive Ranking System score:

Have you claimed all your CRS score points?

Having a sibling in Canada will help boost your Express Entry CRS points

Using Education Credential Assessment to boost your Express Entry CRS points

Language Proficiency will help boost your Express Entry CRS points

Maximize your language points by re-taking tests!!

And also read:

Work experience helps boost your Express Entry CRS points

Provincial Nominee Programs

How to boost your CRS points as a couple

Keep a broad perspective and widen your CRS points factors

Express Entry CRS Score Frequently Asked Questions

What is a Good CRS Score?

Will the CRS Score rise in the near future?

And see also:

What is the Minimum CRS Score I need to Get Canadian Permanent Residency (PR)?

What if My CRS Score is below 400?4.5 5.

Fastest ways to boost my CRS Score?

See also Tips for Improving Express Entry CRS Scores