Canada met 2022 immigration target
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) announced that Canada exceeded its 2022 immigration plan by landing 437,000 newcomers in the country targeted in Immigration Levels Plan 2022-2024. The target for the year was 431,000.
In 2022, Canada hit a historic record as the country welcomed 437,000 new permanent residents in the year. This is the largest number in a single year in Canadian history. The only other years that Canada surpassed 400,000 newcomers were in 1913 and 2021.
In 2019, Canada welcomed more than 341,000 permanent residents. Despite the challenges resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, Canada also admitted over 184,500 new permanent residents over the course of 2020.
Canada relies on immigration to drive its economy, enrich its communities and support its aging population. One in 3 Canadian businesses is owned by an immigrant, and 1 in 4 health care workers is a newcomer. Immigration creates jobs, spurs innovation and helps address labour shortages. New Canadians contribute to communities across the country every day.
“Today marks an important milestone for Canada, setting a new record for newcomers welcomed in a single year,” said Immigration Minister Sean Fraser.
“Newcomers play an essential role in filling labour shortages, bringing new perspectives and talents to our communities, and enriching our society as a whole. I am excited to see what the future holds and look forward to another historic year in 2023 as we continue to welcome newcomers.”
Immigration accounts for almost 100% of Canada’s labour force growth. Roughly 75% of Canada’s population growth comes from immigration, mostly in the economic category. By 2036, immigrants will represent up to 30% of Canada’s population, compared with 20.7% in 2011.
IRCC has focused on using immigration to address labour shortages in key sectors such as health care. Immigrants make up 37% of pharmacists, 36% of physicians, 39% of dentists, 23% of registered nurses, and 35% of nurse aides and related occupations.
Canada Immigration Levels Plan 2022-2024
Each year, IRCC releases a new multi-year Immigration Levels Plan which it uses to guide its operations. Canada’s Immigration Levels 2022-2024 plan aimed to land 1.3 million new permanent residents.
Canada sets its immigration levels plan to strengthen the economy, reunite families, and help refugees.
The immigration levels plan guides Canada’s immigration system. It outlines the number of immigrants Canada will look to welcome under its various federal, provincial, and territorial programs. IRCC then regularly adjusts operations to attract, settle, integrate, and retain the targeted levels of newcomers.
Immigration Levels Plan 2022-2024 targeted the following number of new immigrant landings:
- 2022: 431,645 permanent residents
- 2023: 447,055 permanent residents
- 2024: 451,000 permanent residents
These targets are the highest in Canada’s immigration levels planning history. Canada cites these among other highlights of the plan:
- overall admissions amounting to 1.14% of the Canadian population by 2024.
- a long-term focus on economic growth, with nearly 60% of admissions in the Economic Class
- help for vulnerable populations, like the special measures for granting permanent residence to refugee claimants working in health care during the pandemic
- support for global crises by providing a safe haven through humanitarian immigration to those facing persecution
- talent retention of those already in Canada by granting permanent status to temporary residents accepted through the time limited pathways for essential workers launched in spring 2021
- balancing Canada’s needs and its international obligations
- focusing on attracting skilled workers who will contribute to Canada’s economy and labour shortage
- recognizing the importance of family reunification, and also
- helping the world’s most vulnerable populations through refugee resettlement
Canada met 2022 immigration target
See also Government of Canada’s NR at New immigration plan to fill labour market shortages and grow Canada’s economy.
Immigration Levels Plan 2022-2024
Why Canada needs new immigrants
Key factors in developing Canada’s immigration levels plan include:
- Canada has one of the world’s oldest populations and also one of the world’s lowest birth rates
- Canada also has a low rate of natural population growth which results in low rates of labour force and economic growth, and
- Low economic growth also makes it difficult for Canada to raise the taxes it needs to support social spending
And also, 9 million Canadians will reach the retirement age of 65 by the year 2030. This means that Canada will have that much fewer workers at a time when its social spending on them will rise.
Canada Immigration Levels Plan 2023-2025
Canada’s Immigration Minister Sean Fraser announced Immigration Levels Plan 2023-2025 on November 1, 2022. The plan aims to welcome an unprecedented 1.45 million immigrants over the next three years. It is a direct strategy to help curb chronic labour shortages all over tyhe country.
The Plan targets 465,000 newcomers in 2023, 485,000 in 2024 and 500,000 in 2025.
Immigration Levels Plan 2023-2025 details
|Overall Planned Permanent Resident Admissions||465,000||485,000||500,000|
|Economic||Federal High Skilled||82,880||109,020||114,000|
|Federal Economic Public Policies||25,000||–||–|
|Economic Pilots: Caregivers; Agri-Food Pilot; Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot; Economic Mobility Pathways Project||8,500||12,125||14,750|
|Atlantic Immigration Program||8,500||11,500||14,500|
|Provincial Nominee Program||105,500||110,000||117,500|
|Quebec Skilled Workers and BusinessFootnote6||See the Quebec immigration plan||To be determined||To be determined|
|Family||Spouses, Partners and Children||78,000||80,000||82,000|
|Parents and Grandparents||28,500||34,000||36,000|
|Refugees and Protected Persons||Protected Persons in Canada and Dependents Abroad||25,000||27,000||29,000|
|Resettled Refugees – Government-AssistedFootnote7||23,550||21,115||15,250|
|Resettled Refugees – Privately Sponsored||27,505||27,750||28,250|
|Resettled Refugees – Blended Visa Office-Referred||250||250||250|
|Total Refugees and Protected Persons||76,305||76,115||72,750|
|Humanitarian and Other||Total Humanitarian & Compassionate and Other||15,985||13,750||8,000|