How does Canada Express Entry CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) work? - - Canada Immigration Newsletter
Express Entry CRS

How does Canada Express Entry CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) work?

What is Canada Express Entry CRS system?

Canada Express Entry CRS (Canada Comprehensive Ranking System). Canada uses the CRS to assess and score candidates’ applications for Canadian permanent resident status.

Express Entry is primarily used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to manage skilled worker applications. It also is the most popular way to immigrate to Canada.

Canada Express Entry draws for Canada permanent residence occur approximately every two weeks.

You may pre-qualify for a Canada immigration program.


In each draw, Canada issues qualified candidates from the Express Entry pool an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residence.

After your application is approved and you complete the landing process, you will officially become a Canadian permanent resident.

Use our FREE Express Entry CRS tool to estimate your initial Canada immigration points.

Then read our Tips to boost your Express Entry CRS points to get Canada Permanent Resident Status.


About Canada Express Entry CRS Immigration System

Most importantly, in order to enter the federal Express Entry pool, candidates must first create an Express Entry profile.

As well, you must meet the eligibility requirements for one of the three programs. These are: the Federal Skilled Worker Class; the Federal Skilled Trades Class; and the Canadian Experience Class.

A job offer is not required to enter or be selected from the Express Entry pool. However, additional Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score points are awarded to those who already have a job.


A total of 1,200 points is available. Out of that, 600 points are available for a job offer or a nomination under any of Canada’s Provincial Immigrant Nomination Programs (PNPs).

A candidate’s CRS score is based on factors such as age, education, skilled work experience and proficiency in English or French.

Importantly, individual applicant or a couple may get CRS points.

Candidates do not need to have any experience in Canada in order to get ITA for permanent residence.


Your CRS is a numerical value, out of a possible 1,200, determined by your core human capital. This is essentially your age, work experience, educational background, ability to adapt and language skills.

Importantly, only a limited number of candidates with the highest CRS points in the pool get Invitations to Apply (ITAs).

Canada Express Entry Step by Step Overview

Canada Express Entry CRS explanation

 Create your Canada Express Entry profile on Canada government website.

In conclusion: Improve your Express Entry CRS score

We advised that you continue to improve your Express Entry CRS scoring in a number of ways.  To that end, see Tips for Improving Express Entry CRS Scores.


An Express Entry candidate typically needs a CRS score of 470-490 points in a regular draw to receive a permanent residence invitation.

In order to get to these higher scores candidates need to maximize their points on all available factors.

Many candidates do not claim all of their points because they are not aware that they are eligible for them.  Moreover, many do not know how to maximize their eligible factors.

Certain factors, and combinations of factors, get more points than others for instance.

How to boost your Express Entry CRS score

Please read our researched posts on how to improve your Canada Express Entry CRS score:

Have you claimed all your CRS score points?

Having a sibling in Canada will help boost your Express Entry CRS points

Using Education Credential Assessment to boost your Express Entry CRS points

Language Proficiency will help boost your Express Entry CRS points

Maximize your language points by re-taking tests!!

Work experience helps boost your Express Entry CRS points


Provincial Nominee Programs

How to boost your CRS points as a couple

Keep a broad perspective and widen your CRS points factors

Express Entry CRS Score Frequently Asked Questions

What is a Good CRS Score?

Will the CRS Score rise in the near future?

What is the Minimum CRS Score I need to Get Canadian Permanent Residency (PR)?

What if My CRS Score is below 400?4.5 5. What are the fastest ways to boost my CRS Score?

CRS points allocation

There are different Canada express entry minimum points for various programs. For instance, applicants must score 67 points or higher (out of 100) from six selection factors (details later on this page) to qualify to immigrate to Canada as a federal skilled worker.

Candidates can score a maximum of 1200 points in the CRS, and points allocated as follows:

  • A core set of human capital factors that drive economic outcomes (maximum of 460-500 points):
    • Age
    • Level of education
    • Official language proficiency, and
    • Canadian work experience
  • Spousal factors (maximum of 40 points)
  • A set of skills transferability or interaction factors that amplify the core set (maximum of 100 points)
  • Additional factors (maximum 600 points):
    • A valid provincial/territorial nomination (maximum of 600 points)
    • A qualifying offer of arranged employment (maximum of 50 points for all occupations in NOC 0, A or B, except NOC 00 with a maximum of 200 points), and
    • Canadian educational credential (maximum of 30 points)

Changes to a candidate’s CRS score

Candidates are responsible for ensuring that their Express Entry profile is accurate and up-to-date at all times.

The candidate can go into their profile and update their information, for example, to add a new credential or delete a job offer. The candidate’s CRS score will automatically change to reflect the new information, and the candidate will be able to see their new CRS score in their account.

Above all candidates are warned that about application misrepresentation. Your application will be refused and you may be assessed for misrepresentation if you submit an application and cannot substantiate the information in your profile or application.

IRCC assesses Express Entry applications for misrepresentation when:

  • when IRCC issues the applicant an ITA; and
  • when the applicant submits their APR.

Very importantly, when a candidate gets an ITA, their profile is “locked”. Candidates must manually recalculate their scores if their circumstance changes after the ITA is issued. A change in circumstance could impact their eligibility.

Tips for Improving Express Entry CRS Scores

You may pre-qualify for a Canada immigration program.